A decision of the Federal High Court of Nigeria instructs the government of this country, to bring the case of “secessionists” Cameroon to international jurisdictions.
Cameroonian secessionists accuse the Nigerian government of violating a court ruling issued by the federal high court of that country. This decision, issued on March 5, 2002, calls on the Abuja authorities to bring the cause of Southern Cameroon’s independence activists to international institutions.
The facts date back to February 14, 2002. Twelve members of the Southern Cameroon National Council (SCNC) seize Judge Roselyn Nonyelum Ukeje, then magistrate of that jurisdiction, for assistance from Nigeria in the process of claiming self-determination. peoples of the English-speaking regions of Cameroon. The Federal High Court of Nigeria had decided that the Federal Republic of Nigeria should file a case with the UN and the International Court of Justice (ICJ) on specific points.
In an article published on its website, the United Nations Agency for Indigenous Peoples and Minorities (Unpo) states that it was mainly to know whether “the union envisaged in the framework of the plebiscite organized in 1961 between the Republic of Cameroon and Southern Cameroon had entered into force in accordance with United Nations resolutions; in particular Resolution 1352 (XIV) of 16 October 1959 of the United Nations Trusteeship Council and Resolution 2013 (XXVIV) of 31 May 1960 “; whether “the population of southern Cameroon does not have the right to self-determination in a territory different from that of the Republic of Cameroon” and finally to know if “it is Southern Cameroon or the Republic of Cameroon which shares a maritime border with Nigeria.
The Nigerian government has never given a favorable response to this decision, which has led the group Global conscience to file a new complaint with the African Commission for Human Rights and Freedoms in Addis Ababa.
Global Conscience asserted that by ignoring the decision of the Federal High Court of Nigeria, the Abuja authorities “violated Articles 19, 20 (1), (2) and (3) of the African Charter”.
In August 2007, the African Commission acknowledged receipt of this complaint signed by Samba Churchill, Director General of Global Conscience, indicating that it would be presented at its 42nd Ordinary Session held in November 2007 in Brazzaville (Congo). ).
This procedure has not yet borne fruit, and Nigeria has never initiated a procedure in favor of secessionists. Last December, Nigerian President Muhamadu Buhari dispatched an envoy to Yaoundé, while a certain opinion claimed that Nigeria served as a rear base for secessionist militants.
The ambassador and special envoy Lawan Abba Gashagar declared on this occasion that “his country does not support the secessionists and that his country is in favor of the quick return to peace in Cameroon and the preservation of its territorial integrity. ”
With the announcement of the arrest of the leader of Ambazonia on January 5, 2018, Nigeria seems to be positioning itself alongside Cameroon in the fight for its territorial integrity. A position that some Nigerian opinion leaders do not share.
This is notably the case of Femi Falana, a famous Nigerian lawyer based in Lagos and specialized in the defense of human rights. For this one, the federal government of Nigeria, should not involve the Nigerian army, “in a proxy war of President Paul Biya”.